French Holiday Recipes

Gorgeous stove photo courtesy of La Cornue.

Christmas is just a few days away (not to stress you out or anything) and I was shocked to realize that, in fourteen years of Chocolate & Zucchini, I have never offered an actual post outlining how to host a French holiday meal.

So whether you’re seeking to add a little Frenchness to your holiday celebrations, attending your first bona fide French holiday meal this year, or even hosting one (gah!), let me break things down for you, and suggest some winning French holiday recipes.

Christmas and the New Year

French families get together for a Christmas Eve dinner (le réveillon de Noël), and often there’s a second meal for Christmas Day lunch (not breakfast or brunch), either with the same cast or with a different part of the family.

Christmas is largely celebrated in the home; most restaurants are closed that night for staff members to celebrate with their own family. It is considered an intimate occasion reserved for family members and close family friends, so if you are a guest from outside the family, it’s a big deal. Presents are opened either after dinner on Christmas Eve, or in the morning on Christmas Day.

The French New Year’s Eve (le réveillon du Nouvel An) is often celebrated with friends rather than with family, and it is more of a grown-up occasion. If there are small children, they will be tucked into bed early or allowed to collapse on some couch, but the party is not about them. (Sorry kids.)

Some people go out to dinner on New Year’s Eve, but I don’t know who they are and I wouldn’t want to go with them. In my circle, we are more likely to have a special dinner at someone’s house, and possibly go out later, or just push the furniture and party at home*.


A French holiday meal is designed to go on long into the night, so the apéritif phase — pre-dinner drinks with nibbles — will last awhile. Champagne is the typical drink served, but because I am contrarian, I prefer to pick out an alternate sparkling white. At the caviste‘s you can ask for a vin blanc en méthode champenoise, a white wine produced in the style of Champagne, but from another region.

Raw Scallop Crostini on Pumpernickel Bread

Shellfish is a staple of the French holiday table, and coquilles Saint-Jacques (sea scallops) are especially prized. I like to feature them raw in these canapés, an easy and elegant apéritif easily eaten with one hand in a couple of bites.

A chic yet easy nibble. Learn how to make herbed butter! Spread it on pumpernickel bread with a sliced scallop on top. Great for a special occasion buffet!

Fresh Herb and Goat Cheese Quick Bread

There are three reasons you should make this savory quick bread (in French, cake salé): one, it freezes beautifully; two, it cuts into bite-size cubes with little mess; and three, it is a quintessential French buffet item. Also: one of my most popular recipes from this blogging year!

Feta and Fresh Herb Quick Bread

Chipotle Cumin Roasted Almonds

A quick win of a recipe, these spiced almonds are perfect for grazing during the apéritif, or to package up in a pretty sachet and bring as a host(ess) gift.

First Course

Ready for the sit-down dinner now? Please, take a seat!


A traditional no-cook treat to open the holiday feast is the platter of oysters, freshly delivered from the Atlantic ocean. Order yours from the busy poissonnier well in advance; they will shuck them for you at no additional cost (but usually there’s a tip jar). Oysters are typically served raw and in the shell, with thin slices of rye bread, salted butter, lemon juice, and shallot vinegar.

Oysters at the fish shop on rue des Abbesses (photo by Anne)

Foie Gras

It used to be that French people only ate foie gras during the holidays. It was a luxury item, produced traditionally, with care and respect for the animals, and appreciated with reverence. Nowadays, people want it year-round and they want it cheap. This has spawned an industry of mistreated, factory-farmed animals yielding tasteless, fatty foie gras.

My recommendation is to skip the foie gras altogether if you can’t be sure it has been produced artisanally and ethically. If, however, you get to visit an independent producer on your travels, or have a solid recommendation for one from a chef or discerning cook, buy a terrine de foie gras entier mi-cuit in a jar and savor every bite.

Duck or goose is a matter of preference; the former is more common (ducks are easier to raise) and the flavor more assertive.

Serve your terrine de foie gras cold, but not too cold, with toasted bread. Pain brioché (think enriched yeast bread such as challah) is traditional, I prefer a sourdough loaf to complement the sweetness of good foie gras. Some people insist on serving it with pain d’épices (honey spice cake) but that is too cloying for my taste, and I don’t think the pairing benefits either. The proper way to eat foie gras is to slice a bite-size piece with your knife, place it on the bread without spreading (sweet heavens, no), and take a bite.

Smoked Salmon

Sigh. Another luxury food item that has been utterly ruined by the consumer’s insistence to eat it any old day of the year, but no willingness to pay the proper price for it. The consequence? Factory-farmed salmon pumped full of drugs and chemicals, destroying the environment, and resulting in oily, unsubtle smoked salmon that just tastes of fish and smoke.

I would much rather buy wild salmon and indulge just once a year, buying a couple of thin slices per person and savoring every bite with my eyes closed. (And if that falls outside the budget, organic smoked trout is a delicious, lower-cost, ethical option.)

Smoked salmon is typically served with toasted blinis, crème fraîche (sour cream will do), and a teensy squeeze of lemon juice.

Artichoke and Goat-Cheese Mille-Feuille

If you’d like to cook your starter, this is a savory twist on the pâtisserie classic that’s easy to make, yet festive and sophisticated.

Goat Cheese and Artichoke Mille-Feuille

Jerusalem Artichoke Soup with Bacon

A perfect first course if the host’s apartment doesn’t have very good heating, this warming, velvety soup has smoky umami notes thanks to the addition of bacon. (Vegetarians can omit and use mushrooms instead.)

Jerusalem Artichoke Soup with Bacon

Roasted bird or game

Holiday menus in most families are built around a roasted meat, and in preparation for the holidays, butcher shops in France begin to display whole birds in their windows, feathers and all.

You are likely to encounter dinde (turkey), chapon (capon), poularde (fattened hen), pintade (guinea fowl), oie (goose), faisan (pheasant), but also canard (duck), cailles (quails)… and good old chicken, preferably heritage breeds (coucou de Rennes, Gauloise blanche…) so it feels more exceptional. (I get mine from Terroirs d’Avenir.)

Game is also a popular choice, and it certainly leaves an impression. I remember my uncle roasting a thigh of boar one year, and a friend’s father a whole side of venison, on a spit, for hours, in an open chimney.

But, um, for smaller gatherings, here are my favorite French chicken recipes, which can be applied to any kind of small bird:

Muriel’s Chicken

I love this recipe for its simple, foolproof method. All you need is a few quality ingredients and the patience to let them cook slowly.

Muriel's Chicken

Spatchcocked Chicken Under a Brick

One of my favorite ways to roast any kind of poultry is to butterfly it (see: how to spatchcock a chicken), removing the backbone and flattening it. This method yields a perfectly roasted, moist bird, and takes less time than roasting it whole.

Spatchcocked Chicken

Salt-Crusted Chicken

The salt crust on this chicken allows it to cook in its own juices, and also offers some flexibility when it comes to cooking time — a must if you’re hosting a holiday meal.

Salt-Crusted Chicken

Chicken in a Bread Crust

This two-in-one French recipe is perfect for a festive meal: the bird is tucked inside a bread crust, that you can then cut up and serve, to mop up all of the flavorful cooking juices.

Chicken in a bread crust


Accompanying the main meat attraction, there will be two to three sides, passed around from guest to guest and across the table in a joyful, voluble chaos. Each family has its own specialties; I recommend you stick with seasonal produce: root vegetables, winter squash, various kinds of cabbage, mushrooms, chestnuts… My mother typically makes mashed celeriac, mashed potatoes, and sautéed chestnuts (can’t wait!). The following are additional options to consider.

Brussels Sprouts

Those squash seeds you’ve been saving for, well, you’re not sure what? They belong on these Brussels sprouts — a tender, flavorful side to broaden the horizons of your favorite selective eater.

Brussels sprouts

Stuffed Lumaconi with Butternut Squash and Chestnuts

Despite being very easy to make, this dish of stuffed pasta feels very special, and it hits all the seasonal flavor notes. Additionally, if there are vegetarians in your party, this has enough personality and substance that it can be presented as a special course for them.

Stuffed Lumaconi with Butternut and Chestnuts

Perfect Roasted Potatoes

Wondering what the secret is for purr-fect roasted potatoes, crispy on the outside, tender on the inside? It’s easy, and requires zero additional tools.

Perfect Roasted Potatoes

Perfect Mashed Potatoes

I know, I know. Everybody claims to have the key to perfect mashed potatoes. Just trust me on this one.

Mashing Potatoes

Cheese Platter

Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin wrote that a dinner that ends without cheese is like a beautiful woman with only one eye (Un repas sans fromage est une belle à qui il manque un oeil). This strikes me now as both sexist and ableist (way to kill two birds with one stone, J.A.!), but in the context of his time it made sense I guess.

Point is, the French consider the cheese course with devotion, and take the utmost care in composing an assortment — use these French cheese tips to craft the perfect cheese board.

Pain au levain

A French holiday meal wouldn’t be French without good bread offered throughout the meal, with a fresh supply brought in for the cheese course. (No crackers with French cheese!)

Now, I’m not suggesting you bake your own pain au levain if you’re the one hosting the feast (burnout much?), but a homemade sourdough loaf such as this one would be a wowing item to bring to a meal hosted by someone else. You can even slash the top in your host’s initial, as I’ve been known to do.

Pain au levain


You still with me? Take heart, we have just one more course to go!

Bûche de Noël

The Yule log is the typical dessert to end the Christmas meal. Traditionally topped with kitschy plastic decorations that children will noisily fight over — little Santas, dwarves or reindeers, tiny sleds and saws — and collect from year to year, they are either made of ice cream (bûche glacée) or with sponge cake and buttercream (bûche pâtissière).

As with any French dinner party, dessert is not something the host is expected to make him- or herself. Most French people will order a bûche from their corner pâtisserie, or buy it from a frozen food store such as Picard or the supermarket. (The trick then is to remember to thaw it well in advance, lest you serve your frozen bûche pâtissière as if it were a bûche glacée. #ultimatefail.)

If you have lofty means and want to impress the in-laws, you can go the haute-pastry route and get the latest creation from your favorite celebrity pastry chef.

Raspberry Bûche de Noël

But. If you like simple and homemade best, I recommend this fresh and light bûche de Noël. It is really not difficult at all, and you can prepare it the day before and assemble it the day of. I’ve had readers report that it disappeared much faster than the fancy designer bûche that someone else had brought (sorry).

Raspberry Bûche de Noël

Raspberry Dacquoise

A delicate centerpiece and a total crowd-pleaser, this dacquoise has stolen the show at many a New Year’s Eve party. Again, the keyword here is freshness, with tart raspberries and a light filling nestled between moist layers of almond cake.

Raspberry Dacquoise

French Christmas Sablés with chocolate sorbet or chocolate mousse

Seasonal simplicity at its best. And who could say no to a butter cookie with a side of chocolate?

Christmas Sablés Cookies

Tropical Fruit

For those who prefer to forgo a desserty dessert, take a page from my aunt’s book and offer a platter of tropical fruits. In France, exotic fruits are played up more in the winter months, when the local produce mostly hibernates. A good in-between option is to serve this vibrant roasted pineapple, with coconut whipped cream.

Vanilla Roasted Pineapple with Coconut Whipped Cream

Chocolate Mendiants and Treize Desserts

Mendiants — bite-size disks of dark chocolate studded with candied fruit and nuts — are a delicious nod to the tradition of Les Treize Desserts.

These “thirteen desserts” stem from Provence, in the south of France, the number thirteen representing Jesus and his twelve disciples. It takes the form of a large tray filled with goodies for guests to graze on after the meal. Pompe à huile (an orange blossom focaccia), oreillettes (fried dumplings), dried fruits and nuts (figs, raisins, dates, walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds), nougat (black and white), and fresh seasonal fruit (clementines, apples, pears). Beyond these traditional treats, you can add small chocolates — such as my mendiants or orangettes — marzipan, and other simple treats. These trays are traditionally put out for three days following Christmas, but they may not last that long.

French Chocolate Mendiants

Galette des Rois

As soon as the clock strikes midnight on December 31, pastry elves start stocking bakery shelves with these golden King’s Cakes, officially meant to celebrate the Epiphany on January 6. They are not, I repeat, they are not an appropriate dessert to offer at Christmas or New Year’s Eve. But if you’re hosting a gathering on New Year’s Day, then yes, go right ahead!

Galette des rois

Food Gifts

Did you dodge the hosting bullet this year, and are you looking for the perfect host(ess) gift? I’m of the opinion that the most thoughtful presents are homemade and edible, from cookies to chocolate to flavorful spiced nuts, and here are my favorites.

12 Best Food Gifts

How about you?

Have you ever taken part in, or even hosted, a French holiday meal? What was it like, and what were some of the most memorable French holiday dishes you tried?

* Full disclosure: I’m not a big party person, and I hate having to find a cab ride home — or a Vélib’ — in the middle of the icy night on New Year’s Eve. To avoid that very situation, we hosted our own New Year’s Eve party for years, but now that we have children and the logistics are more complicated, my bliss is to stay home, watch a movie, eat roasted broccoli and dark chocolate (not together), and switch off the lights at (barely) midnight.

  • Annabel Smyth

    I remember seeing the New Year in in Paris a couple of times in the early 1970s; don’t remember what we did for food, but do remember walking up the Champs-Elysées at midnight wishing random strangers a “Bonne Année”! Wouldn’t do it now, but I was young then…..

    My family always had “dessert” on Christmas Day, with one’s coffee after the Christmas pudding – I think it was a nod to the “13 desserts” of Provence – with dried and fresh fruit, nuts and sweets. We don’t do it now, as nobody has room, but we still usually have a few plates of nibbles of various kinds to be eaten at other meals.

    • Seriously, the older I get, the more I wonder how anybody has room for all of this! :)

      • Annabel Smyth

        And, sadly, this year most of us went down with flu, so the leftovers remain uneaten…

  • Voahangy Steen

    Clotilde, your post fills me with joy and sweet memories from my French childhood christmas. In the past 28 years living overseas, I have always celebrated Christmas with a Reveillon dinner hosted at home, leaving the Christmas Day feast ( whether it is brunch, lunch or another dinner) to the locals.
    My Christmas Eve dinner never changes: seafood for starters, duck magrets with potatoes and seasonal greens ( duck is a constant request, it would not be christmas at Voahangy’s without it!), Buche de Noel for dessert and lots of champagne! Depending on the number of guests, I will either cook everything from scratch or order some items. This year, we will be 25 around the table, so I have asked guests to help with the starters, bringing their signature dish (looking forward to it!) and ordered a big croquembouche from our local patissier. That leaves me with enough time to make the Buche de Noel and wrap presents!
    Thanks for another great year of inspiration, good luck the new book and Merry Christmas from our family to yours.

    • What lovely traditions, Voahangy, thank you for sharing! I hope your meal was a raging success — pretty sure it was by the sound of it. :)

  • Mary Yoshida

    C&Z, Thank-you I learn soo much about French culture reading your blog. Merry Christmas and a Happy New year…^..^ ^..^

  • John Tiller

    This is great. Thank you. You mentioned Christmas Day lunch. What is typical for this lunch after eating so well the night before?

    • Believe it or not, some families do it all over again, especially if it’s a different branch of relatives! But if it’s the same crew, then you might do a smaller version, hitting whatever notes you didn’t the night before. In my family when I was growing up, we would usually have a big Christmas Eve dinner at my aunt’s, and at lunch the next day we would have just smoked salmon with blini.

      • John Tiller

        Thank you!

  • Martha

    Hi Clotilde, where can you buy feves to cook in galettes? I’m in Paris and want to take some home with me. Thanks.

    • Look for them at Mora, at 13 rue Montmartre in the 1st! You will likely have to buy a pack of them. :)

  • dksbook

    Clotilde, I just love this blog post! While we live in the Pfalz, on the French-German border, we celebrated Christmas Eve with a dinner of a variety of oysters, some lovely pate, a variety of (then, to us) exotic cheeses such as one wrapped in huge oak leaves and aged in caves with truffles. There were no truffles in the cheese, just the nearly divine perfume of truffles. I was fortunate to be able to shop at the French military exchange at a nearby French military installation. We drank champagne with the oysters, and very expensive burgundy which due to the military thing, we were able to buy tax-free. Those were the days!

    Our American Christmas Eves are always cioppino, the recipe my late father developed based on one given him by a boat captain who delivered his catch early in the morning, just as my dad got off the “graveyard” shift in San Francisco on the Embarcadero, which was pretty skeezy back in the late ’40s. He spent 2 Christmases in Marseilles during WWII, so our New Year’s Eve dinner was a sort of unrefined bourride with saffron mayonnaise and a red bell pepper sauce, the recipes I had failed to have him write down.

    In any case, he brought back the tradition of thirteen desserts after midnight on Christmas Eve, which all the cousins and siblings loved almost as much as the presents that we had opened after Midnight Mass. Now that I am a retired person living a pretty quiet life with my husband and two big dogs in Sonoma County, we still make cioppino on Christmas Eve, but do not cook a big meal on Christmas Day. We eat fancy appetizers, local cheeses, cold meats, and the famous New York no-knead bread I make that day. ( I cannot abide stale bread, and it is not delivered to stores fresh on the holiday.) We drink lots of French Champagne and fabulous Sonoma and Napa County wines. All the grandkids are grown, so they drink and eat like adults. Our 3 sons and the grandkids often play tag football in the street, and we play non-electronic games and take naps. Your blog post reminded me of many Christmases Past, and I am grateful for that.

    Happy Christmas and blessings in the New Year, sent to you and your family from Sonoma County, California.

  • edna meza aguirre

    awesome! you have inspired me to try the Galette Des Rois. Happy holidays to you from Tucson, AZ.

    • Did you get a chance to try it?

      • edna meza aguirre

        I did! Not as lovely as yours, but very delicious 😊 thank you Clotilde! Edna

  • Barbara Lawson

    This is a wonderful article, just what I wanted to know about Christmas in Paris. Thank you.

  • Erin Weddington

    Clotilde, I have been reading your blog since 2007 after returning from studying abroad in Spain and adore everything you post. It always brings me back to Europe. I’ve made the Christmas sables every Christmas since the original post and love them. Here in New Mexico on Christmas Eve, we always enjoy a very traditional pork or beef posole (a stew made with hominy topped with onions, oregano, cilantro, radishes, and lots of red chile), tamales (red chile pork and green chile chicken), and biscochitos (cookies made with lard, sugar, and anise). We always place luminarias outside of our home. Have a wonderful holiday!

  • gerona48

    Clotilde, I so enjoy your blog! Thank you for sharing all of your wonderful ideas and recipes! Now, what is coconut whipped cream?

  • Annabel Smyth

    Lovely ideas! I have just returned from a week’s holiday in Belgium and France and, as always, am blown away by how much better French supermarkets “do” Christmas than British ones. Except that Carrefour was selling an “English Christmas pudding kit” – a bit late, as a Christmas pudding needs a good month to mature, preferably longer…..

    Meanwhile, when I was growing up, the “13 desserts” were always a part of our Christmas meal – I don’t think anybody knew the rationale for it, but “dessert” was a must – nuts, oranges or satsumas, dried figs, almonds-and-raisins (and you had to have two raisins to one almond, no picking out the almonds and leaving the raisins!), salted peanuts, dates stuffed with cream cheese, orange-and-lemon slices, various chocolates from boxes my parents had been given, chocolate truffles (my father’s favourite, and I’ve just realised I haven’t made him any this year, and mustn’t for a couple of days as I also brought back a tummy upset!)…. we didn’t eat everything on the day, of course, but nibbled throughout the holiday week. Plus I had three boy cousins who always came over on Boxing Day, so there was not a lot left by the time they’d had it all! In recent years, though, as we have all grown old and our appetites have decreased, these have been reduced to perhaps a chocolate with our coffee, or a nibble in the evening!

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  • So funny that the rule is different in France than it is here. In New Orleans it is not allowed to have King cake before the 6th.

    The normal kind is not much like a galette de rois but most of our French roots are several hundred years removed so who knows.

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